According to the fracking definition, Fracking is a method by which we can get access to natural deposits of various kinds of useful gases, minerals and oils. Fracking often utilizes a method known as hydraulic fracturing that uses a mixture of various materials like sand, water and other chemicals which is pushed down to the earth’s surface with huge pressure. This method causes the earth to crack up and often leads to fracking earthquakes. It allows the shale rocks to release any kinds of oils and gases to release upwards and it is collected by various methods. It is one of the most effective ways to collect fossil fuels. While this method is highly effective the dangers of fracking are many. If you try to measure the fracking pros and cons you will find the cons always outweigh the pros and there are countless ill effects to our environment that is caused by this activity. While epa fracking has allows us to have access to get proper heating in our homes and also have fossil fuels to cook our food – hydraulic fracturing of the earth has a lot of negative impacts on the earth and greatly damages our ecosystem.
Types of fracking
Let’s take a look at the major methods of fracking:
Hydraulic fracturing: Utilizing this method involves the use of a special kind of epa fracking liquid that consists of sand, chemicals and water. This mixture is forced into the earth in man-made fracking wells that can be a few hundred feet deep. The mixture forces the minerals, oils and other resources that can be dug up by fracking companies to be pushed up and it is collected in large containers. This method is highly risky and is often the cause of fracking earthquakes.
Pneumatic fracking: This method slightly deviates from what we have learnt from the fracking definition. Pneumatic fracking does not involve the use of any kind of fracking liquids and uses epa fracking gas instead. While pneumatic fracking is safer for the environment compared to hydraulic fracking, it still is harmful to the environment and leads to water pollution. Most fracking companies are trying to take responsibility for their fracking activities and are trying to not cause any kind of environmental damage. Environmentalists have often criticized both of these methods and there have been countless debates on the fracking pros and cons.
Let’s take a look at some of the key dangers of fracking activities.
5 Dangers of Fracking
Water pollution: Whenever we talk about fracking, the topic of water pollution comes up. The very chemicals that are used in fracking processes are dangerous and contribute to agricultural run-off and damage surrounding plant and animal life. There have been instances where agricultural land has been severely damaged to the point of no return.
Air Pollution: In cases of pneumatic fracking, the chemicals are released not only into the water but also to the air, due to the use of harmful gases. Air pollution is a major ill effect from such activities. The air gets contaminated with the fracking gases and it leads to a lot of health disorders in humans and animals alike. The gases may also spread to nearby water bodies which can damage agricultural crops as well as kill aquatic life. The only way to avoid such situations is by completely stopping fracking activities, or ensure that the fracking chemicals that are used are safely disposed at recycling facilities.
Fracking earthquakes: It is one of the biggest dangers of fracking. The fracking activities cause the earth to crack up due to the pressure and the rocks that are present in the soil hundreds of feet below the surface are loosened. It causes the earth in the surrounding areas to lose its firmness and makes the area prone to earthquakes.
Droughts: The massive amount of damage caused by fracking mixtures is very alarming. Since the chemicals, sand and other harmful materials used in fracking mixtures complete destroy the structure of the soil, the land becomes unfit for agricultural use and also kills of any kind of plant life. This leads to droughts in the long run as the plant life that allows the ground to stay solid is destroyed.
Noise and light pollution: Fracking areas can be very bothersome to live in and such places are often subjected to noise and light pollution. Fracking processes take a long time to complete and they go on night and day. The noisy vehicles and the drilling make it very hard to sleep comfortably for people who live close to fracking areas.
These are some of the most dangerous effects of fracking. These issues can only be solved if we adopt renewable sources of energy for all our needs.